Wormwood is a perennial plant with light gray color, with semi shrub-like form and height of 60 cm to 1 m. Young and fresh leaves are fine and silky-hairy, and the leaves are tomentose gray and silky-hairy. The shape of the lower leaves is in three plumose with the elongated lancet lobed parts list although the top of the stem leaves is smaller and simpler. Abundant flowering flower panicles there is covered with a gray-hairy wrapping leaves. Pale yellow flowers are with a head lettuce shape and are tubular, external flowers have only pistils while the inner flowers are hermaphrodite.
The fragrance of the plant is typically aromatic and intense, whereas the taste is very bitter, astringent and spicy.
Wormwood flowers from July to September.
Wormwood is a very widespread plant, but in greater abundance grows on rocky and sunny habitats, and on uncultivated soils, on sandy river banks, on the rocks, along barriers and roads, mostly in the dry and specially in soils with lime background. It is grown in gardens and where it does not have the need of care. Reproduction of wormwood can be accomplished either by seed or by dividing older shrubs.
For medicinal use, its best that you gather the leaves before flowering (Folia Absinthii), and during flowering the whole plant (Herba Absinthii), i.e., floral tops, whose length can be up to 30 cm.
Dry the Leaves and whole plant in the shade in a windy place, and in it’s drying you must often turn them over. The whole plant, even if it was used for obtaining essential oil (Oleum Absinthii), must not contain numb parts of the stems, nor is good to gather it when withered.
Wormwood, which is also in approved use, comprises a variety of drugs, primarily essential oil, composed of a series of complex organic compounds. It also contains bitter glycoside absintin and bitter substances arlemisin, absintiin and anabsintiin, and organic acids are established in wormwood malic, tannic and succinic acid. Also, substances such as paraffin are found, whose composition is not yet precisely defined.
Also, within the leaves is found green and blue essential oil thujone, further terpene, including azulene, tanaceton and finally salt, potassium and manganese.
Wormwood belongs to maybe the most often described plants and certainly generally used herb for enhancing digestion and inducing appetite. Wormwood is a mean for strengthening (tonicum), he evokes the secretion of bile and liver and eliminates very quickly all indigestion and bloating. Tea made from wormwood may not be enough recommended to patients who surgically removed the gall bladder. Tea made from wormwood is an excellent remedy for cramps in the stomach and intestine, against catarrh of the stomach, chronic congestion, diarrhea, excessive acid in the stomach, thick, pressure and feeling pain in the abdomen (epigastrium), heartburn, jaundice, and against yellow coated tongue and bad breath out of his mouth.
Since kidney excretion is significantly raised by the help of the essential oil contained in wormwood tea, so it is wormwood tea that without thinking can be taken in small amounts to treat bladder catarrh, catarrh of the renal pelvis, dropsy, and the stimulation of inflammatory kidney. Only larger amounts of tea are not suitable with the last-mentioned diseases because too strong irritation of the kidneys can even suspend urination and intensify inflammation of the kidneys. As an exclusively bitter herb, wormwood acts on the creation and improvement of blood as well as improving blood flow.
Wormwood is especially recommended for women. After taking tea from wormwood, an increase of menstruation is shown. The better blood supply has a significant impact on the relief during delivery, especially when to the fragile tissue of the pelvic organs should be given more elasticity. Absinthe has a proven effect on the enhancement of labor and mothers in those moments can not be recommended enough.
Versatile medicinal effects of wormwood beneficially impact on the entire body so that indirectly treat a range of difficulties that do not directly belong to the area of treatment with wormwood. Removes difficult in metabolic disorders, obesity, diabetes and mental illness that more or less have a deeper cause of the unbalanced work of the digestive organs, diseases of liver, bile and spleen and female sex organs.
To prepare tea take one teaspoon of wormwood for 1 cup of tea and drink it 1 to 2 cups a day. With the tea use also and the alcoholic extract of wormwood (Tinctura Absinthii) of which take eight to ten drops on a sugar cube, 1 to 3 times a day.
Wormwood can be put in white wine. For the preparation of this wine take 20 g wormwood plant for 1 liter of wine. The wine is released to draw wormwood to the desired bitterness, after what is strained, and wormwood wine (vermouth) is ready. You should always give priority to wormwood wine, prepared at home because wormwood wine purchased in the market mostly is made from sour or cut wines whose shortcomings are supposed to cover the strong extract of wormwood. And this wormwood wine prepared from a bad or defective wine instead to act useful and healthy usually causes a headache. If you buy, right, respectable and natural wine whose quality you tasted previously, then with the preparation at home you really get a healing potion. Exceptions in this regard can only be originally filled bottle factory recognized as wormwood medicinal wine purchased at a pharmacy.
You can make yourself wormwood brandy if you buy alcohol at the pharmacy, dilute it to the desired strength with boiled water and then put to wetting 20 to 25 g herb wormwood per liter and leave it wetting until desired bitterness.
Famous folk doctor Tabernaemontanus, born around 1520, also mentions the wormwood and praises his bitterness.
Tea made from wormwood is also suitable as a water eye. Freshly squeezed wormwood juice, mixed with a little honey and coated over the eyes, improves vision. If you let a steam of wormwood concoction to penetrate into the ear, will help celiac and painful ear, and will calm a toothache too.
As a first aid for intoxication with mushrooms, wormwood is excellent. When poisoning with black henbane or hemlock you should immediately drink abundantly wormwood with caraway boiled in wine or if the wine is not at hand, with water. This drink is also very remedial with the poisoning with meat.
With a prolonged fever, you should carefully drink tea from wormwood. Abundant of wormwood overnight soaked in strong brandy and in morning soak a cloth, and lay it warm on the womb to the child, it is good for removing worms, but the process must often be repeated. Wormwood placed in brandy gives a useful means of massaging the pain and spasms in the stomach or with painful belching. After massaging put on the place heated wool fabric.
Special tincture of wormwood as a means for the stomach: 10 g of wormwood, 4 g of well-crushed calamus rhizome, 4 g of well-crushed gentian root and 4 g of chopped bark of the orange soaked for 8 days in 200 g of strong wine or brandy, and strain it after. For all difficulties in the stomach take 15 to 20 drops with the same drops of water for 2 to 4 times a day.
Tea mixtures with wormwood: wormwood can be individually mixed in equal parts with the following herbs: snake root, chamomile, sweet flag, Fennel, Anise, peppermint, and sage.
Something about the abuse of wormwood: essential oil, contained in wormwood, and bitter compounds: artemisinin, absintiin and anabsintiin taken in larger amounts in tea, or even more in wormwood wine act as harmful toxins, and as a result of increased doses may arise dizzy, transient heady clouding of consciousness and even disorder of mind. The excessive consumption of tea from wormwood may cause hardening of the stomach, obstruction and creation of excess stomach acid, and with consumption of tea and any other product with wormwood should be careful all the more because people quite often think “that wormwood can only be healthy, and it can not hurt. ”
The application in the treatment of animals: absinthe has in domestic animals many possible applications, both primary wormwood acts against the reluctance food intake in animals due to indigestion and colic, due to overeating, further against jaundice, swollen liver and hard and inelastic skin due to liver disease, etc.