Will you think that some plant that grows and survives in such strange and peculiar places and is also very common on almost every green surface that you can see, can and is a medicinal plant and might in times of a need fix and relieve you from a medical problem!

Dandelion is the name!

We all (I know I did) when we were kids blown a dandelion and helped to thrive and multiply wherever it landed its seeds. In the next sentences, you can read all about dandelion.

In Latin: Taraxacum officinale; synonyms: Taraxacum vulgare, Leontodon taraxacum

It comes from the family of Asteraceae

Other known names: Lion’s tooth, cankerwort, horse flower, swine snout, puff ball, blowball priest’s crown, wild endive, taraxacum.


Largely, all parts of the plant are used but the root and leaves have the most medicinal properties.

It is an interesting and very useful plant that grows in the world like as easy as a weed and has a very long history of medicinal and culinary use. As one of the nature’s most versatile remedies, dandelion is both a nutritious salad vegetable and a detoxifying remedy for the liver and kidneys. Herbalists love it for its gentle cleansing effect. Dandelion root is used as a liver refresher, and is found useful in toxic states of all kinds, including chronic skin disorders and recurrent infection, roasted and milled powder root of the dandelion is used for the preparation of substitute “Franc-coffee.”

Dandelion is a perennial herb with milky juice. The root is right, usually unbranched, 20-60 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, red-brown outside and white inside. Leaves are collected in the rosette, flowers – in clusters, outside is wrapped with green leaflets.

Dandelion blooms in spring and early summer, while there is moisture. The plant has spread throughout Europe and Western Asia, to around the world.

Ground parts are harvested just before flowering or during flowering (the months of May-August). It is greatest to be dried in the shadow. The whole herb has a shelf life of three years, and when is cut – a year and a half.

The roots are harvested out from the ground in the spring before flowering (April) and autumn (September-October).

Chemical components


The leaf and the root of the dandelion plant are with somewhat diverse elements.

Overall, Dandelion is a rich source of minerals, iron, zinc, magnesium, manganese, copper, selenium, choline, calcium, boron and silicon, and a source high with vitamin A, C, D, and B complex. The relatively high protein, fiber and linoleic acid content of dandelion leaves have led to suggestions that dandelion is nutritious and underutilized food source. Dandelion’s constituents also include triterpenes, flavonoid glycosides and several phenolic acids, additionally phytosterols, sugars, and mucilage.

Main actions

Leaves are best used in the spring as the first spring salad – chopped, crushed with salt, with lemon juice and olive oil (or vinegar and oil) and mixed with every other green salad. Before you cut the leaves, you can cook them in a little water – until they change the color and then pour the water and prepare the salad as in the first case.

The roots of the rhizome or the whole plant are used as a means of regulating the activity of the stomach (strengthens the digestive process and increases appetite) in the form of decoction.

Folk medicine recommends dandelion against constipation, to purify the blood, to help fight against hemorrhoid, against bladder inflammation in dropsy and diabetes.

The typical herbal diuretic, dandelion leaf acts mainly on the kidneys and inspires fluid clearance and weight loss. The overhead part with roots improves liver function, diuretic, anthelmintic. The therapeutic effect is primarily due to bitter substances, organic acids, and glycosides. It is bitter but not excessively so, dandelion root has a valuable deed on the stomach, liver, and pancreas, increasing digestive secretions, including bile, and tending to stabilize blood sugar levels.

Use as a salad, fresh leaves of dandelion with its slightly bitter and slightly spicy flavor somewhat reminiscent taste of chicory garden. Finely chopped yellow or green leaves of dandelion are excellent for spreading on bread for the preparation of green cottage cheese (chopped and well confused with curd).

The leaves can be cooked as stew spinach, or chopped are great to be added finally ready to spring soups.

There are reports that dandelion is much more nutritive than spinach. It also has antiviral properties that support preventing herpes. It furthermore has been used to treat premenstrual condition and hepatitis.

There is a preliminary scientific evidence from in vitro studies that suggest that the roots of Taraxacum japonicum may have a cancer preventive effect.

Dandelion root has a laxative activity and stimulates digestion, while dandelion leaf has antirheumatic results. As dandelion root infusion contains oligofructans, that has been found that stimulates the growth of many strains of bifidobacteria, what suggests that can be used as a probiotic.

Clinical use

The therapeutic effects of dandelion have not been significantly explored in clinical trials, so any evidence is derived from traditional medicine studies, in vitro and animal studies.

In the extensive history of dandelion, the use as a diuretic is well established in the traditional medicine, but the scientific and clinical evidence to support this use is limited only to animal studies. The very high percentage of potassium within dandelion is investigated to be partly accountable for any diuretic activity.

A randomized study where 57 women with diagnosed recurrent cystitis were tested with a commercial preparation that is known as Uva-E (a combination of Arctostaphylos leaves and dandelion root). The study has shown significant reducement of the frequency of recurrence of cystitis compared to placebo. At the end of 12 months, none of the women taking Uva-E had a repeat of cystitis, and there was 23% recurrence in the other control group. The role of dandelion in achieving this result is unknown, but, the researchers suggests that its diuretic effects were likely to have contributed to the positive results.

Commission E supports the use of dandelion root and herb for disorders in bile flow, loss of appetite and dyspepsia.



  • Infusion of dried herb: 4-10g three times daily.
  • Fluid extract (25%): 4-10ml three times daily.
  • Fresh juice: 10-20ml three times daily.


  • A Decoction of dried root: 2-8g three times daily.
  • Tincture (1:5): 5-10ml three times daily.
  • Fluid extract (30%): 2-8ml three times daily.
  • Juice of fresh root: 4-8ml three times daily.

It is considered safe to use during pregnancy and lactation based on a long history of traditional medicine.

Dandelion tincture

A rather long but thorough way to prepare a dandelion tincture to:

  • relieve abdominal gas and deprived digestion that is due to deficient bile, get rid of constipation that is due to inactive liver activity, help eliminate skin eruptions that are due to slow liver action, relieve difficulty in urinating and/or water retention, use as a blood purifier to treat lasting auto-toxemia which is causative to rheumatism, arthritis, and/or skin eruptions

You can use fresh dandelion plant parts (it is best that you find lively ones, in nature of course where there is no pollution of any kind) – harvest an entire plant, include the root, the leaves, buds, blossoms, and seed heads, naturally if there are any. And guess what? If a part or a small piece of the root breaks off, and leftovers are in the ground, great! This root part will regenerate and will yield a new plant and you’ll give yet additional vegetable support to Earth’s lively theater of continuous richness. Moreover, if the plant is small, then 6-7 of them will do fine.

And if you can’t find it live then get it dried from the natural food store. A 30gr of root and 30gr of dried leaves will be enough.

Make sure that the dried root material is with a deep rich brown color and has a full bitter flavor once you chew on a piece. Also, be sure that the dried leaf material is with a rich green color and also has a distinct bitter flavor. And this leaf, if dried correctly, should absolutely not be brown.

Let’s start with the actual process, shall we? Cut your freshly medicinal plant(s) into tiniest pieces. The smallest you can, the better because that way more surface area will be exposed. And if you are using dried plant materials, then crush or grind them into small pieces, you can use a small coffee grinder if you have one. Put these miniature pieces in a jar with a tight-fitting lid. Pour 100% proven vodka into the jar, and fill it to the top of the plant material. And If you are doing it with the fresh herbal material, at this point you might pour the herb with its menstruum into a blender and liquefy it to expose much more surface area to the solvent. Clean the top ridge of the jar, scrubbing off any substance that might be clinging to it. Set a small piece of wax paper over the opening as a seal, and screw down the jar lid. Tighten it firmly. Shake your tincture vigorously. Now, take a second to look at it and admire it for a moment, since it is indeed precious. This is your herbal medicine, the magical marvel through which you have just entered the marvelous world of Herbalism.

So label the jar appropriately. On this label most importantly include the name of the herb, the parts of the herb used, ( Dandelion – whole plant, or just root or leaves) and the date that will be ready – fourteen days from this day that you are preparing this marvelous extract. This date will be the day that your tincture will be ready for you to separate the saturated fluid (the tincture extract) from the then exhausted plant material (the marc). During these fourteen days, it is best that you vigorously shake your tincture jar for as much as you can. Afterward in order to separate the liquid extract from the material use a large strainer and a bit a bigger piece of cotton muslin cloth preferably unbleached. Place the muslin-lined strainer into a glass or stainless steel container, and slowly and carefully pour the entire extract into this training apparatus. After the liquid has finished flowing through the cloth, squeeze the cotton and press out the rest of the liquid carefully. Squash as much of the liquid as possible from the depleted material. Now, pour this herbal extract into a bottle that can be tightly capped (brown amber glass bottles are the most ideal) and store it in a cool, dark location. This alcohol/water extract will keep for many years. (A solution like this requires a minimum of 18–20 percent of the total volume of the liquid to be ethyl alcohol in order for the alcohol to adequately preserve it. Pure 100-proof vodka is 50 percent ethyl alcohol, and even when diluted by the juices of this fresh plant will give necessary preservative accomplishment.) You have handmade an herbal medicine, a gift of the Dandelion.

With honey of dandelion cleanse the respiratory organs

Take 300g of the yellow flowers of dandelion and put them in 1l cold water, then let the water slowly to warm. Get it off the cooker and leave it to stay overnight. Next day squeezed it, then mix it with 1kg of unrefined sugar, 1 lemon, and ½ orange. Then put the cooker pot with the mixture on a silent fire. The mixture should be kept at a certain density because honey can’t be too dense nor too thick. The best way is to blend the mixture all the time. Moreover, as with all sorts of honey, there is only healthier life when using honey in our everyday routine.

Fresh Dandelion leaves cure the colon

Fresh dandelion leaves can clean the dangerous polyps in the colon. To prevent this health problem to rise to scarier disease, like cancer, you can help yourself with this folk cure: for this mixture, you are going to need 50g of fresh leaves of dandelion. Wash them and blend them in a blender of nonmetallic if possible. When you get a porridge, add half a liter of boiled water, when a temperature is close to body temperature. Moreover, leave the porridge in the water at least 30 minutes. Squeeze it and use the mixture as a healing cleansing fluid. It is suggested to do a cleansing enema before healing enema. Leave 2 hours between the two, to expel the feces, to calm the colon. Try to keep the healing mixture at least 30 minutes. To complete the goal, it is necessary to repeat this procedure over the day. Moreover, after 10 days and 5 procedures, you can make medical exams and see the health benefits of the fresh dandelion leaves.

Dandelion in fight against diabetes

A simple chewing of the stalks of dandelion up to 4 weeks each day for up to 15 stalks for normalizing the levels of sugar in the blood. Tea is also very effective: 2 spoons of chopped root of dandelion are purred with half a liter of boiled water. In the morning, it is squeezed, and 1dl is taken before a meal, three times a day. Tea can be made in this way too: 10g of dried leaves of dandelion is to stay overnight in 250ml of water. Then 1 spoon of honey is added, and it is boiled for 5 minutes, and squeezed. In the morning and at night is taken by ½ a pot of tepid tea.

drops on grass

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