Well known throughout history as a basic element in every cure Chamomile is truly a Marvel among us!

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Chamomile is an annual plant with a branched stem, 20-50 cm high. The leaves are doubly spliced split with narrow and thread-like leaves. Flower stalks are grooved and hollow at the top. Flower is conical shape and hollow inside. Flower heads carry peripheral white flowers that at night or in rainy weather or after fertilization, bow down, while the tubular flowers are yellow color.

Smell and taste: the smell of chamomile is a distinctive, spicy, balsamic and ethereal, what is the taste too but little bitterish.

Flowering time: from June to August, often even in September.

Chamomile is a widespread and well-known plant that is like a weed found along roads and ditches in the vicinity of settlements and the barren lands which often comes in a wide variety. Chamomile grows fondly in the community with cereals like weeds, and farmers are reluctant to look it into their cornfields though today are fewer encounters between the grains due to fertilizer, also chamomile is suppressed with the constant battle against weeds with chemicals. Chamomile is precisely highly sensitive to this chemical substances. If in spite of chemical defense against weeds succeeds to live for some time in such areas, chamomile from this places is not suitable for medicinal purposes even if it still looks fresh and smells great.
For drugs are collected fully developed flower heads without stems (Flores Chamomillae), and harvesting is made only on beautiful and sunny weather. When cloudy or wet weather chamomile does not contain enough of the essential oil as collected on sunny weather and so collected wet is not suitable for storage. If the harvesting is done in places where chamomile does not appear in larger quantities, then the flower heads are collected by hand. In places where chamomile appears in large quantities, the gathering takes place with specially designed combs and in such areas the addition of chamomile is one of the seasonal earnings of the local population.

Drying collected flower heads is made in the shade in a very thin layer, usually in the attic, but the attic prior this must be thoroughly cleaned, and the very best chamomile is spread on paper or blanket. In areas where chamomile grows in a wide variety, drying is done in specially prepared drying facilities, at a temperature up to 35 °C. Since in those areas chamomile is not harvested by hand and is rather by mechanical means, combs, before the drying from the chamomile must be cleaned various impurities and grass. After drying chamomile are screened for removal of the incomplete flowers incurred during manipulation. The shattered, or incomplete flowers are used for distillation and for getting very expensive essential oil (Oleum Chamomillae) or used as chamomile bath. Chamomile after drying should not be touch a lot, because when dry it easily falls apart. If chamomile is well dripped, for safeguard, it must be again put in a dry place where cannot penetrate atmospheric or other moisture. Dry chamomile easily picks up moisture and can become moldy, and that chamomile is worthless.

Effective medicinal substance: As the most important in chamomile is essential oil, resin, gum, bitter substance, wax, grease, salts of phosphoric acid and a number of organic acids. Freshly obtained known and appreciated chamomile oil contains the most important drug substance, and blue color to oil gives hydrocarbon compound Chamazulene. The richer the plant is with essential oil in a community with Azulene, the greater are the beneficial effects of chamomile against inflammation. In addition to those drugs and active substances, within chamomile can also be found:

Apigenin has proven chemopreventive effects against cancer cells in the laboratory, anti-inflammatory properties, and alpha-bisabolol has been shown to have antiseptic and reduces pepsin secretion without changing secretion of stomach acid, and finally, a malic acid salt, sulfur, and calcium.

Pharmaceutical action: the medicinal value of chamomile is known long ago. In 1570. Famed botanist Hieronymus Bock said: “Without this flower, the quite ordinary chamomile, you can’t achieve anything because there is no useful plant as a drug like the flower of chamomile used for almost all diseases!” Chamomile is not only famous but also most loving medicinal plant among people. It is the most scientifically researched and proven medicinal herb. Curative activity against inflammation in the first place has a great significance in the treatment of inflammation of the skin and the mucosa. Therefore, it is recommended warm compresses or baths for all wounds with the appearance of inflammation and another disease occurrence in the skin, whether it is the swelling, subcutaneous tumors, abscesses, leg ulcers or pus under the nails. To inflammation of eczema as well as well-known nursing eczema or with other permanently wet and very hard healing eczema and scab, it is recorded the best successes by the treatment with chamomile. When having inflammation of the mucous membranes, catarrh or a sore throat simple rinse with warm chamomile tea promotes healing. Inflammation of the retina of the eye and ear infections are treated with wet and warm compresses of chamomile, and a sip of chamomile tea held in the mouth helps with a severe toothache.

Chamomile is one of the best resources for women and children. Its feature soothes and calms the pain and spasms, relieves severe cramps with the loss of consciousness of which suffer pregnant women, new mothers (eclampsia gravidarum) and young children (“Shock” – children’s horror). These properties make chamomile necessary at all nervous phenomena: irritability, hypersensitivity, neuralgia, facial nerve neuralgia, rheumatism, back pains, inner restlessness, insomnia, mental malaise, fatigue, and others.

Furthermore, chamomile can’t be avoided in the treatment of all diseases of the stomach and intestines, cramps in the stomach, inflammation of the colon, diarrhea, intestinal catarrh (enteritis), catarrh of the stomach, and inflammation of the stomach (gastritis), a bloated stomach, with too strong of stomach acid (hyperacidity), eliminating gas fermentation process, and finally, in diseases of the kidney, liver and gall bladder. In the past three diseases, if there is cramping, besides the use of tea it is recommended hot and wet compresses of chamomile. The enumeration of the healing properties of chamomile for diseases of the stomach and intestines would not be complete if were not mentioned the beneficial effects on stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer (Univ. Doc. Dr. med. Hans Seel, Berlin). In these cases, repeatedly taking chamomile tea in sips, acts not only on soothing pain but also heals. Humid and warm compresses of chamomile tea, relieve the pain and spasms in the bladder and painful urination.

As very successful has been chamomile wet humid and warm wraps to hemorrhoids that tend to injuries and inflammation of the anus. Clinical observations have found that chamomile works so hard to stop the destruction of the germs to retreat purulent secretion even with similar cancer strain, and disappears bad smell to parts of tissues that are falling apart (univ. Prof. Dr. Franz Eckstein, Freiburg). Along with all that chamomile also purifies the blood. To children who show clear signs of infection of foot-and-mouth, immediately rinse their mouth with a decoction of chamomile whole day, every quarter of an hour. The use of chamomile leads to complete healing (cf. Dr. med. H. Brenner).

Finally, we should mention the healing properties of chamomile in the form of baths. Also, acts good, reduce pain and cramps, refresh and strengthen the bath with a decoction of chamomile. Decoction is prepared so that 0.5 kg of chamomile boil in 5 liters of water, covered to stand for 10 minutes, filter, and added to the bath or chamomile or put chamomile in a cloth bag and hung into the bathtub. In the same way, only with a small amount of chamomile is prepared baths which have a beneficial effect in diseases of the bladder, infections of sex organs in women and uterine cramping. With sweating feet or hands, with often repeated bath, the desired effect will follow.

From old botanist books and folk medicine: Chamomile is very medicinal plant so that scientific and medical use and the use in folk medicine for the most part is covered. You hardly can find methods of treatment that came from the folk medicine that is not almost entirely confirmed in medical science. We briefly list a few folk medicinal recipes taken from old botanist books.

Limbs suffering from gout should rub the oil of chamomile, mixed with brandy. At rubbed places put a warm cloth.

Chamomile, prepared as a decoction, is an excellent means of enema because it softens the toughest chair and reduces tension in the belly. To wounds and sores can be put fresh herb chamomile, but if previously pound or roll out.

The application in cosmetics and household: little is known value chamomile to remove odors (deodorant).

This deodorant power of chamomile has no slight significance because the unpleasant odor of the body can be eliminated by washing and rinsing of chamomile tea. If uncomfortable evaporation of body often occurs, you should consult a physician. This feature of chamomile will be used in the household. In the warm season can remove bad breath meat for diet by washing and rinse with cold tea of chamomile. This can eliminate a variety of odors crockery, cutlery and cooking utensils, kitchen towels – even the sick person clothes.

The application in the treatment of animals: chamomile property that softens, soothes spasms, relieves flatulence, kills germs and heal inflammation, beneficially works to sick domestic animals (in the form of tea, enemas or outside for cleaning ulcers and wounds).

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